A launch vehicle, vector, space launcher or carrier rocket are designed and used to carry a payload from Earth’s surface to space, usually to Earth orbit or beyond.
A launch system typically includes a rocket, payload, and other support infrastructures. Usually the payload is a satellite that must be placed in a certain orbit.
A vehicle that carries a payload that stays in suborbital trajectories is referred to as a probe rocket.
These vehicles use different chemical products to fuel engines. Could be either solid or liquid products although there are some initiatives to use alternative launching methods for low orbit and small payload.
NASA’s 2010 reform undertook by US President Barack Obama gave greater prominence to private companies in the development of space technology. The aim was for them, under NASA’s supervision and with the financial support of the government, to design, manufacture and operate space vehicle launchers at a lower cost.
Space X, founded by billionaire Elon Musk, is one of the best exponents of the new path charted by the US and its emergence is also having consequences for the global market of large launchers, as SpaceX puts small satellites into orbit at a lower price than the European Arianespace, the largest satellite launcher company in the world.
With regard to the scope of small launchers in recent years, the New Zealand company Rocket Lab has managed to reach orbit along with several Chinese private equity companies whose launch costs are between $5 million and $6 million, ten percent of the launch cost of SpaceX.
It is important to consider that while China is already a key player in the aerospace world and will be even more so in the future, its competitiveness is limited by US regulations that prevent a satellite that has components manufactured in its country from being launched by a Chinese rocket.
It is in this market in which our Adventure I appears with his 18 core technologies developed lowering the launch cost to less than USD 500,000 (a ten percent of a ten percent) meaning a real disruptive innovation in the market of launching vehicles.